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Why now?

Technology’s promise to keep us connected has given rise to a host of unintended consequences that are catching up with us. The current COVID-19 pandemic is adding to the complexity of the problems with digital overload augmented by distance learning, social isolation and loneliness accentuated by social distancing, and the need for change coming in the forms of digital activism and using tech 4 good.

Digital Overload & Digital Addiction

Digital overload and digital addiction are an emerging global epidemic, which some link to the escalating mental health crisis among youth 10-24 including anxiety, depression, loneliness, distorted reality and social imbalance.

  • Fact: Teenagers who spend 3 hours/day or more on devices are 35% more likely, and those who spend five hours or more are 71% more likely, to have a risk factor for suicide than those who spend less than one hour. [iGen, 2017] 

  • Fact: The percentage of non-fatal, self-harming incidents for girls 10-14 rose 189% between 2009-2015 , while college students in one study reported experiencing depression (40%), hopelessness (51%) and overwhelming anxiety (60%) in the last 12 months. [sited from 2020 note]

  • Fact: Young people positively use technology for civic engagement, entertainment, self-expression, creativity, learning, and many other activities. Yet, unfettered access also presents challenges: 50% say they feel addicted to their phones and 68% believe social media negatively impacts their peers. [sited from 2020 note]

Problem to Solve: Though there are many factors, correlative data between excessive use of digital devices and social media in multiple studies (NIH) signifies the call to address the abundance of 24/7 connectivity and need the tech-life balance. How would you address one of the most pressing human concerns of our times: youth mental health and digital overload/addiction?

Social Isolation & Loneliness

In 2018 Gen Z was acknowledged as the loneliest generation, and social isolation & loneliness became recognized as a public health issue. Loneliness has the same impact on mortality as smoking 15 cigarettes a day, making it even more dangerous than obesity. [Cigna] 

  • Fact: A 5,000 person study found that higher social media use correlated with self reported declines in mental and physical health and life satisfaction and an increase in loneliness. [American Journal of Epidemiology, February 2017]

  • Fact: Although social isolation is not necessarily synonymous with loneliness, early indications in the COVID-19 context indicate that more than one-third of adolescents report high levels of loneliness (4) and almost half of 18- to 24-year olds are lonely during lockdown. (4) which was an increase from 2018. (7) 

  • Fact: When social media is substituted for face to face interactions, the added non-verbal cues, sense of empathy and belonging can be lost. Similarly, the curated photos and idealized lives shown on social media create a negative comparison to one's present life and sense of self. (6) 

Problem to Solve: Gen Z is growing up with the exponential growth and use of social media, and the increase in loneliness and social isolation. There are unique pain points for Gen Z of living through the Pandemic, and the impact of social media and social distancing has increased social isolation and loneliness. How might we design or use technology to address social isolation and loneliness? 

Digital Activism/ Using Tech 4 Good

Gen Z is known to be socially minded and committed to digital activism. From global protests against racial injustice to the 2020 election, some Americans who use social media are taking to these platforms to mobilize others and show their support for causes or issues. Today’s youth are using communication tools in the digitized world to promote positive social change and the power of Tech 4 Good.

  • Fact: The #MeToo hashtag has been used more than 19 million times on Twitter between 2017 and today. [Pew]

  • Fact: Just over half of social media users ages 18 to 29 (54%) say they have used social media sites for information about rallies or protests happening in their area, and those who say these platforms are important for finding others with views about important topics has risen from 47% in 2018 to 59% today. [Pew]

  • Fact: Black users stand out: 48% of Black social media users say they have posted a picture on social media to show their support for a cause in the past month, compared with 37% of Hispanic users and 33% of white users. [Pew]

Problem to Solve: While there are negative effects of living in the digital age and preponderance of social media, these tools can also be used for good. How can digital communication tools be used to mobilize and impact social change? How might you use technology to promote digital activism around a specific environmental, social or diversity issue?

Helpful Resources to Get You Started

Background:  The Great Awakening by Arianna Huffington.

 

The Problem: The Social Dilemma Trailer and The Social Dilemma on Netflix

 

Videos 

 

Articles

Research

 

Digital Overload and Digital Addiction

 

 

Social Isolation and Loneliness


 

Digital Activism/Tech 4 Good

 

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